Bi-directional dual-active-bridge CLLLC resonant converter reference design

Description

The PMP21495 reference design is a 6.6 kW bi-directional dual-active-bridge resonant converter reference design that allows 380 VDC to 600 VDC input and 280 VDC to 450 VDC output. This design uses C2000 Microcontroller TMS320F280049 along with silicon-carbide (SiC) driver UCC21530-Q1 to drive bridges both on primary and secondary sides. Daughter card approach has been implemented to C2000 controller (TMDSCNCD280049C) and SiC drivers (PMP21553 and PMP21561). Rogowski coil is applied for synchronous rectifier (SR) optimization along with high bandwidth OpAmp LMV116MF. With 500 kHz resonant frequency and 300 kHz~700 kHz operational frequencies, this design is able to reach peak 98% efficiency.

fig 11. System Specification 

1.1 Board Dimension 

Board dimension should be within 5.8” x 10.7” x 3”.

1.2  Input/Output Characteristics 

  • 380VDC to 600VDC
  • 280VDC to 450VDC
  • Maximum 6.6kW output power.
  • >97 % peak efficiency.

1.3  Protections

Provide over-current-protection (OCP) and over-voltage-protection (OVP) functions both at primary and secondary sides.

2.  Testing and Results 

2.1  Board Photos

The photographs below show the top and side view of the PMP21495Rev B board.

2.1.1  Top View 

top view main

2.1.2  Side View 

side view main2.2  Efficiency Data

During efficiency test, 3 x 12V fans (Delta FFB0412EN-00Y2E, operate at 12V) were apply to bottom heatsink and blow from the primary side. A DC power supply is applied on the primary side and a DC load is applied on the secondary side.

2.2.1  Open Loop Efficiency Measurement 

Efficiency was first measured in open loop at a given frequency.

fig 2

2.2.2  Constant Voltage Loop Efficiency Measurement 

The constant voltage loop efficiency measurement was taken with a closed voltage loop with a give target output voltage.

fig 32.3  Thermal Images

The thermal images below were taken with 6.6kW output power. During the test, 3 x 12V fans (Delta FFB0412EN00Y2E, operate at 12V) were apply to bottom heatsink and blow from the primary side. The ambient temperature was 25ºC

fig 4

fig 52.4  Key Waveforms 

2.4.1  Soft-switching waveforms at 374.788Vin, 280.056Vout/1315.1W, Eff=97.323%:C1 Q101_VGS, C2: Ipri measured with Rogowski Coil with 100mV/A scale, C3: Q105_VGS, C4: Q105_VDS.

fig 6

2.4.2  Soft-switching waveforms at 388.456Vin, 280.016Vout/6592.7W, Eff=96.348%: C1: Q101_VGS, C2: Ipri measured with Rogowski Coil with 100mV/A scale, C3: Q105_VGS, C4: Q105_VDS.

fig 72.4.3  Soft-switching waveforms at 566.799Vin, 420.150Vout/1323.6W, Eff=95.322%: C1: Q101_VGS, C2: Ipri measured with Rogowski Coil with 100mV/A scale, C3: Q105_VGS, C4: Q105_VDS.

fig 82.4.4  Soft-switching waveforms at 569.161Vin, 420.012Vout/6613.7W, Eff=97.696%: C1: Q101_VGS, C2: Ipri measured with Rogowski Coil with 100mV/A scale, C3: Q105_VGS, C4: Q105_VDS.

fig 92.4.5  Soft-switching waveforms at 567.476Vin, 420.047Vout/1332.7W, Eff=93.927%: C1: Q107_VGS, C2: Isec measured with Rogowski Coil with 100mV/A scale, C3: Q103_VGS, C4: Q103_VDS.

fig 9a

2.4.6  Soft-switching waveforms at 568.323Vin, 420.010Vout/6584.7W, Eff=97.888%: C1: Q107_VGS, C2: Isec measured with Rogowski Coil with 100mV/A scale, C3: Q103_VGS, C4: Q103_VDS.

fig 10

Courtesy: www.ti.com

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