In India the importance of infrastructure as the motor of economic development is more at this hour than ever before owing to the pressing demand for economic development. Infrastructure networks are among the most complex and significant design tasks required for development. The design of infrastructure actively influences the organization of the inhabited landscape and lay platform for further development. The infrastructure design must be characterized with the conditions that influence large population, and suggest a typology of design attributes as revealed in recent practice around the world. The combined creative potential of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design is essential to putting into place an efficient, modern infrastructure, the basis of development.
Infrastructure is the basic physical systems of a business or nation; transportation, communication, sewage, water and electric systems are all examples of infrastructure. These systems tend to be high-cost investments; however, they are vital to a country’s economic development and prosperity. Infrastructure is the first and the foremost requisite for an economy to develop. Unfortunately the country is devoid of the very infrastructural establishments.
India’s slow economic growth is often attributed to country’s gradualist approach to reform, which has meant a frustratingly slow pace of implementation and also to failure to implement the reforms effectively.
The importance of such infrastructures built-up have not been understood well and is negated throughout the post independent India.
In the recent past the growth of the Indian economy has resulted into urban crises that is marked by the lack of adequate infrastructure. Urban informality is often seen to be synonymous with poverty and is true too. India’s planning regime is itself an informalised entity marked with the state of deregulation, ambiguity, and exception. The haphazard growth of cities has created socio-economic and infrastructural challenges and poor human health too.
Also that our nation’s critical infrastructures are highly interconnected and mutually dependent in complex ways, both physically and through a host of information and communications technologies. What happens to one infrastructure can directly and indirectly affect other infrastructures, impact large geographic regions and send ripples throughout the national economy.
To the best of my knowledge the building of economic progress in the world has follows the infrastructure created painstakingly. Japan, China, Taiwan, European countries and the US could understood way back the importance of infrastructure. The roads, power, airports, transport, telecommunication, skilled workforce, industrial zones, well developed coastline, financial infrastructure, political maneuverability and above all planning for infrastructural development have been very well realized in the developed countries. This could have been the case study for India too.
Industries riding on the top facilities, in the developed countries, the development process is on to the automated mode, unlike India, where the concept of development itself is opposed by the rival political groups coupled with the inertia of the industry people. The country has seen the melodrama during demonetization and indirect tax reform.
Though the total investment in India in infrastructure in 2016–17 was estimated to be around 6-9 percent of GDP. But the investment in infrastructure require 9 percent of GDP annual. The ambitious 7.5 percent growth per year can be achieved only by overcoming infrastructure deficit.
Making India a manufacturing hub, to ensure employment to our youth, cherish Make in India, to promote entrepreneurship by making youth job creators than being job seekers – just assure the world class infrastructure and rest will follow.