Global Server Revenue and Shipments Declines in 2016, Fourth Quarter

Revenue Declined 2.7 Percent and Shipments Grew 0.1 Percent in Full Year 2016

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In the fourth quarter of 2016, worldwide server revenue declined 1.9 percent year over year, while shipments fell 0.6 percent from the fourth quarter of 2015, according to Gartner, Inc. In all of 2016, worldwide server shipments grew 0.1 percent, but server revenue declined 2.7 percent.

“There were some distinct factors that produced the final results for 2016,” said Jeffrey Hewitt, research vice president at Gartner. “Hyperscale data centers (e.g., Facebook, Google) grew and, at the same time, drove some significant server replacements. Enterprises grew at a lower rate as they continued to leverage server applications through virtualization and in some cases, service providers in the cloud.”

From a regional perspective, Asia/Pacific was the only region to exhibit positive growth in both shipments and revenue in the fourth quarter of 2016. All other regions declined, with Latin America experiencing the largest decline in shipments (12.2 percent, while the Middle East and Africa declined 14.7 percent in terms of revenue.

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) led the worldwide server market based on revenue in the fourth quarter of 2016 (see Table 1). The company ended the year with $3.4 billion in revenue for the fourth quarter of 2016 for a total share of 22.9 percent worldwide. However, revenue was down 11 percent compared with the same quarter in 2015.

Of the top five global vendors, only Dell and Huawei exhibited growth for the quarter, increasing 1.8 percent and 88.4 percent, respectively.

Table 1
Worldwide: Server Vendor Revenue Estimates, 4Q16 (U.S. Dollars)

Company 4Q16

Revenue

4Q16 Market Share (%) 4Q15

Revenue

4Q15 Market Share (%) 4Q16-4Q15 Growth (%)
HPE 3,392,601,012 22.9 3,813,592,269 25.2 -11.0
Dell 2,578,181,854 17.4 2,533,495,993 16.7 1.8
IBM 1,732,474,861 11.7 1,974,018,084 13.0 -12.2
Huawei 1,249,813,371 7.7 610,225,437 4.0 88.4
Lenovo 946,283,185 6.4 1,136,141,494 7.5 -16.7
Others 5,039,143,533 34.0 5,064,301,087 33.5 -0.5
Total 14,838,497,815 100.0 15,131,774,365 100.0 -1.9

Source: Gartner (March 2017)

 Dell grew 6.5 percent and moved into the No. 1 position in worldwide server shipments in the fourth quarter of 2016, with 19.1 percent of the market. HPE experienced a decline of 19.4 percent and fell to the second spot with 17.2 percent market share. Huawei experienced the strongest shipment growth in the fourth quarter of 2016, increasing 64 percent over the same period last year (see Table 2).

Table 2
Worldwide: Server Vendor Shipments Estimates, 4Q16 (Units)

Company 4Q16

Shipments

4Q16 Market Share (%) 4Q15

Shipments

4Q15 Market Share (%) 4Q16-4Q15 Growth (%)
Dell 562,029 19.1 527,736 17.9 6.5
HPE 504,407 17.2 625,543 21.2 -19.4
Huawei 245,611 8.4 149,742 5.1 64.0
Lenovo 220,296 7.5 256,571 8.7 -14.1
Inspur Electronics 141,132 4.8 140,166 4.7 0.7
Others 1,265,169 42.1 1,255,747 42.5 0.8
Total 2,938,644 100.0 2,955,505 100.0 -0.6

Source: Gartner (March 2017)

x86 server demand increased in revenue by 1.1 percent, however, shipments declined 0.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Full Year 2016 Server Market Results

In 2016, worldwide server shipments increased 0.1 percent, while revenue declined 2.7 percent.

“x86 servers continue to be the predominant platform used for large-scale data center build-outs across the globe, and the growth of integrated systems (including hyper converged integrated systems), while still relatively small as an overall percentage of the hardware infrastructure market, also provided a boost to the x86 server space for the year,” said Mr. Hewitt. “The outlook for 2017 suggests that modest growth will occur being driven primarily by service provider build-outs while the enterprise will show a slight decline in unit purchases with only slight growth in revenue.”

Additional information is available to clients who have access to Gartner’s Servers Quarterly Statistics. This database provides worldwide market size and share data by vendor revenue and unit shipments. Segments include region, vendor, vendor brand, subbrand, CPU type, CPU group, max CPU, platform, price band, operating system and distribution channel.

Server market trends and IT operations will be further discussed at the Gartner IT Infrastructure, Operations & Data Center Summits 2017 in Sao Paolo, Brazil, Mumbai, India, Sydney, Australia, and at the Gartner Data Center, Infrastructure and Operations Management SummitLondon and Las Vegas. Follow news and updates from these events on Twitter using #GartnerDC.

These topics will also be discussed at the Gartner IT Operations Strategies & Solutions Summit 2017 taking place May 8-10 in Orlando and at the Gartner IT Infrastructure & Operations Management Summit 2017, June 12-13 in Frankfurt, Germany.

 For more information, visit www.gartner.com.

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