GI-FI New Era of Wireless Technology

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GI-FI will  helps to push wireless communications to faster drive. For many years cables ruled the world. Optical fibers played a dominant role for its higher bit rates and faster transmission. But the installation of cables caused a greater difficulty and thus led to wireless access. The foremost of this is Bluetooth which can cover 9-10mts. Wi-Fi followed it having coverage area of 91mts. No doubt, introduction of Wi-Fi wireless networks has proved a revolutionary solution to “last mile” problem. However, the standard’s original limitations for data exchange rate and range, number of channels, high cost of the infrastructure have not yet made it possible for Wi-Fi to become a total threat to cellular networks on the one hand, and hard-wire networks, on the other. But the man’s continuous quest for even better technology despite the substantial advantages of present technologies led to the introduction of new, more up-to-date standards for data exchange rate i.e., GI-FI. GI-FI or Gigabit Wireless is the world’s first transceiver integrated on a single chip that operates at 60GHz on the CMOS process. It will allow wireless transfer of audio and video data up to 5gigabits per second, ten times the current maximum wireless transfer rate, at one-tenth of the cost, usually within a range of 10 meters. It utilizes a 5mm square chip and a 1mm wide antenna burning less than 2watts of power to transmit data wirelessly over short distances, much like Bluetooth. The development will enable the truly wireless office and home of the future. As the integrated transceiver is extremely small, it can be embedded into devices. The breakthrough will mean the networking of office and home equipment without wires will finally become a reality. In this we present a low cost, low power and high broadband chip, which will be vital in enabling the digital economy of the future.

GI-FI or Gigabit Wireless is the world’s first transceiver integrated on a single chip in which a small antenna used and both transmitter-receiver are integrated on a single chip which  is fabricated using the complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process. Because of GI-FI transfer of large videos, files can be done within seconds. Researchers of Melbourne University has come up with a wireless technology which promises high speed short range data transfers with a speed of up to 5Gbps within a radius of 10 meters. The new wireless technology is named as GI-FI and operates on the 60GHz frequency band, which is currently mostly unused. The GI-FI Chip developed by the Australian researcher’s measures 5mm square and is manufactured using existing complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, the same system that is currently used to print silicon chips.

The best part about this new technology is its cost effectiveness and power consumption, it consumes only 2watts of power for its operation with antenna (1mm) included and the development of GI-FI chip costs approximately $10(Rs 380) to manufacture.

GI-FI

GI-FI or gigabit wireless is the world’s first transceiver integrated on a single chip that operates at 60GHz on the cmos process. It will allow wireless transfer of audio and video data at up to 5gigabits per second, ten times the current maximum wireless transfer rate, at one- tenth the cost. NICTA researchers have chosen to develop this technology in the 57-64GHz unlicensed frequency band as the millimeter-wave range of the spectrum makes possible high component on-chip integration as well as allowing for the integration of very small high gain arrays.

The available 7GHz of spectrum results in very high data rates, up to 5 gigabits per second to users within an indoor environment, usually within a range of 10 meters .It satisfies the standards of IEEE 802.15.3C .

A new silicon chip developed in Melbourne is predicted to revolutionize the way household gadgets like televisions, phones and DVD players talk to each other. The tiny five- millimeter-a-side chip can transmit data through a wireless connection at a breakthrough five gigabits per second over distances of up to 10 meters.

An entire high-definition movie could be transmitted to a mobile phone in a few seconds, and the phone could then upload the movie to a home computer or screen at the same speed. This means his team is ahead and stood in front of the competition in terms of price and power demand. His chip uses only a tiny one-millimeter-wide antenna and less than two watts of power, and would cost less than $10 to manufacture.

Technologies Used

This mmWave WPAN will operate in the new and clear band including 57-64 GHz unlicensed band defined by FCC 47 CFR 15.255. 2 types.

(i). Multiple Input Multiple Outputs

MIMO wireless is an emerging cost effective technology that offers substantial leverages in making 1Gbps wireless links a reality. We can in principle, meet the 1Gbps data rate requirement if the product of bandwidth (measured in Hz) and spectral efficiency (measured in bps/Hz) equals 10^9. MIMO wireless constitutes a technological breakthrough that will allow Gbps speeds in NLOS wireless networks. The performance improvements resulting from the use of MIMO systems are due to

  1. Array gain
  2. Diversity gain
  3. Spatial Multiplexing Gain
  4. Interference Reduction
  1. System-On-A-Package

SOP approach for the next-generation wireless solution is a more feasible option than SOC. Recent development of materials and processes in packaging area makes it possible to bring the concept of SOP into the RF world to meet the stringent needs in wireless communication area.

Wireless devices implementing complex functionality require a large amount of circuitry and consequently, require a large conventional package or MCM real estate. SOP goes one step beyond Multi Chip Module (MCM) by enhancing overall performances and adding more functionality

Advantages of Gi-Fi  

  1. Removing Cables

For many years cables ruled the world. Optical fibers played a dominant role for its higher bit rates and faster transmission. But the installation of cables caused a greater difficulty and thus led to wireless access. The foremost of this is Bluetooth which can cover 9-10mts. Wi-Fi followed it having coverage area of 91mts. The standard’s original limitations for data exchange rate and range and high cost of the infrastructures have not yet made it possible for WiFi to become a good replace for the cables. Gi-Fi technology Removes need for cables to connect consumer electronics devices and all the devices in the range of 10 meters can be connected in order to transmit the data wirelessly.

  1. Low Cost Chip

Gi-Fi’s chip uses only a tiny one-millimeter-wide antenna and less than 2mili watts of power. Low-cost chip allows technology to be readily incorporated into multiple devices. The chip in Gi- fi would likely cost about $10 or less to build. This and a small design would allow cell phones and other small devices to add the technology without significantly drive up the price, according to the company. GI-FI is based on an open, international standard. Mass adoption of the standard, and the use of low-cost, mass-produced chipsets, will drive costs down dramatically, which is very less in compare to present technologies.

  1. Security

Among the factors that have held back enterprise uptake of wireless LANs outside green field sites have been security fears and lack of performance compared to wire line Ethernet. About 70 per cent of firms have deployed their WLAN in a secure firewall zone but are still using the old WEP protocol, which does not protect the application layer effectively, so better encryption is urgently needed. Secure encryption technology in GI-FI ensures privacy and security of content.

  1. Simplicity

One of the problems with wire connections and cables is complexity for connecting, but in the Gigabit wireless technology simplicity is one of the features. Simple connection improves the consumer experience. The new gigabit wireless system provides Multi-gigabit wireless technology that removes the need for cables between consumer electronic devices and is More than 100 times faster than current short-range wireless technologies such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. This technology with high level of frequency re-use can satisfy the communication needs of multiple customers within a small geographic region.

FUTURE SCOPE

A completely integrated single chip transceiver has been fabricated, tested and demonstrated in GI-FI chip and a transceiver with integrated phased array antenna on 65nm CMOS technology has been sent for fabrication. GI-FI technology demonstrates the world’s first fully integrated transceiver on CMOS technology operating at 60 GHz and provides new technique for integrating antennas on CMOS. The GI-FI team is looking for partners interested in commercializing its 60GHz chips and with growing consumer adoption of High-Definition (HD) television, low cost chip and other interesting features of this new technology it can be predicted that the anticipated worldwide market for this technology is vast. Within next few years, we expect GI-FI to be the dominant technology for wireless networking. By providing low-cost, high broadband access, with very high speed large files swapped within seconds it could develop wireless home and office of future.

As the integrated transceiver is extremely small, it can be embedded into devices. The breakthrough will mean the networking of office and home equipment without wires will finally become a reality. The GI-FI integrated transceiver chip may be launched by the starting of next year by NICTA. Due to the less cost of chip so many companies are coming forward to launch the chip. The potential of microwave Companies like Intel, LG, Panasonic, Samsung, Sony & Toshiba to form wireless HD. Specifically wireless HD has a stated goal of enabling wireless connectivity for streaming high definition content between source devices and high definition devices.

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